The Critical Differences Between Title VI and Title VII

The Critical Differences Between Title VI and Title VII
  • Opening Intro -

    For business owners, there’s a lot of knowledge that goes into running a legally abiding and successful business.

    However, it can be difficult to keep all the federal laws straight, despite their utmost importance.


For example, Title VI and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 are two of the most important employment laws in the United States. But they often get confused due to their similarities. That’s why this article will review the critical differences between Title VI and Title VII.

What Is the Civil Rights Act of 1964?

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a monumental step forward toward the equality of minority groups in America. It encompasses much more than the employment laws of today. It attempted to outlaw all forms of discrimination against protected classes. These protected classes included race, color, religion, sex, and national origin but now include disability, age, veteran status, and members of the LGBTQIA community.

What is Title VI?

Title VI and Title VII are both employment laws that outlaw discrimination against protected classes in the firing, hiring, or promotion processes. These laws are designed to ensure that employers and business owners enact fair employment practices, allowing everyone to have a chance at a job and the American Dream. Both laws allow employers to seek litigation with the assistance of a civil rights attorney as a representative.

Title VI prohibits discrimination in federally funded organizations or activities. If acts of discrimination are found within the institution, it will be asked to cooperate with voluntary compliance practices. If that does not occur or is not possible, the institution may face withdrawal of federal funding.

What is Title VII?

Title VII also prohibits employment discrimination against protected classes overall. Most notably, it ensures that employers do not retaliate or unjustly treat another employee due to revenge or retaliation, regardless of whether the employee is part of a protected class. Title VII also protects against discrimination against pregnant people and has strict laws against sexual harassment and assault.

What Are the Differences?

The main difference between Title VI and Title VII is that Title VI covers federally funded institutions while Title VII does not. In addition, Title VII has some loopholes that Title VI does not have. For example, under Title VII, businesses with less than 15 employees do not have to abide by the same standards. In addition, employers are allowed to discriminate if it falls under bona fide qualification, which is the idea that if an employee cannot do a critical function of the job due to who they are, then it is not unlawful disclination.

Knowing the differences between Title VI and Title VII is critical for every business owner and employee. While these laws may seem similar, they have different protections and caveats that you need to be aware of if you want to run a prosperous and legally abiding business.

Image Credit: Adobe stock image FILE #: 245080210 By: fizkes



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