Types of Industrial Culverts and Their Purposes

Types of Industrial Culverts and Their Purposes
  • Opening Intro -

    Industrial culverts make for a valuable and practical solution for roadways and railways needing to go across streams and canals effectively.

    They make for a non-invasive means that assists in traffic and hydraulic flow.


So, what are the types of industrial culverts, and what are their purposes?

What Are Industrial Culverts?

Culverts are manufactured tunnels that help carry a stream under busy roads or railways without disturbing the natural habitat. They also act as bridges for traffic to pass, usually found around natural water flow areas.

Moreover, their purpose is to act as a bridge while controlling current flow.

Industrial culverts have many designs that allow for heavy loads and optimal water flow capacities.

They come in round, flat-bottomed, pear-shaped, box-like, and elliptical constructions. These culverts differ in many ways, including upstream elevation, roadway height, hydraulics, and other conditions.

Types of Industrial Culverts

There are many types of industrial culverts that suit multiple purposes. One culvert design provides reinforcement and tolerates high stress, while another culvert design fits larger waterways with low clearance and artistic visual flair.

  • Pipe Culvert

    Pipe culverts make for easy installation and competitive pricing, as they’re the most common types of culverts used. Pipe culverts often adhere to the site’s constraints and conditions, suiting circular, pipe arch, and elliptical shapes.

    They have many advantages, such as being economical and constructed to any desired strength.

    Additionally, they can withhold tensile and compressive stresses with their given thickness and reinforcement.

    However, their only downside is that pipe culverts can easily corrode due to bacterial organic matter and harmful gases.

  • Arch Culvert

    Arch culverts take little construction time and don’t require water diversion during their installation. Because teams can install them without disturbing the water current, they are Low Profile Culverts, maintaining the natural integrity of wash beds.

    Arch culverts often utilize concrete, metal, stone masonry, and more.

    Arch culverts have numerous benefits, such as being cost-saving, providing greater hydraulic efficiency, being aesthetically pleasing, and offering design-build advantages.

    Arch culverts also come in traditional box culvert and pipe culvert designs.

  • Bridge Culvert

    Bridge culverts are a unique case, as they simultaneously solve multiple problems. They are both a bridge and a culvert, improving traffic flow without impacting the natural aquatic environment. Bridge culverts suit rivers and canals with a foundation underneath.

    Bridge culverts have many benefits, such as being incredibly strong and allowing high traffic to pass. Additionally, their foundations are also strong without the worry of degeneration.

  • Box Culvert

    Box culverts utilize concrete or RCC—reinforced concrete. When a team installs a box culvert, the surface must be completely dry for application. When large amounts of water occur, the strength of the concrete box culvert flooring can help change the water’s direction.

    Box culverts have a unique history—professionals originally made them from flat stones to protect the roads from washing out.

    Box culverts are also incredibly economical, providing a rigid frame structure with simple construction requirements.

    The bottom slab of the box culvert reduces pressure on the soil, making them suitable for special cases, such as weak foundations. Overall, they work for a non-perennial stream where the ground is soft.



Image Credit: Discharge of sewage into a river By aquatarkus #: 201846304

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